Meet Melyssa Guzman. She is one of 20 College First students who spent eight weeks learning about environmental science and doing a research project at the Chicago Botanic Garden.
Mely, as she likes to be called, is a junior in the Chicago Public Schools district. She’s kind of a “girlie” young woman who wears a lot of pink, and likes flowery, feminine things. Mely also loves science. Each student had a staff mentor; I was Mely’s. Her project was teaching the public about butterfly-attracting flowers.
Although drop-in programs and exhibitions may be considered more “education” than “science,” understanding how people learn is an area of social science research that can challenge a smart student like Mely. This summer, Mely learned that museums and public gardens often test exhibitions and learning activities, using methods similar to those practiced by conservation scientists, to see how visitors will respond.
Mely began by researching butterflies and the flowers they prefer. Then she decided to set up a display at the Butterflies & Blooms exhibition, where she would teach visitors what flowers to grow in their yards to attract butterflies. The display would have different kinds of flowers—real flowers and pictures—and she would stand and talk with people who were interested.
As kids today would say, her first try was an “epic fail.” Most visitors looked at her display with curiosity, but they seemed perplexed and did not stop to learn more. The display was lovely, with fresh flowers and pictures of native butterflies, but it lacked a clear focus. It needed something else to draw visitors in. The display board kept blowing over, which was another big problem.
Mely brought the exhibit inside and modified the whole thing. Instead of using a folding display board, she mounted a poster board on a cardboard box so it would be more stable when taped to the table. She added a title, “What Is a Butterfly Flower?” as well as some facts about butterfly flowers. Then she tested the display again. After each group of visitors, she recorded the time they spent at her table, and gave them a score of 1 to 4 to rate how interested they were, the kinds of questions they asked, and things they talked about while looking at the display.
Museum exhibit developers call this process “rapid prototyping.” Inexpensive mock-ups of exhibits are tested to ensure they work—that visitors enjoy them and get the intended messages—before the museum invests a lot of money on a permanent display.
Mely made a few more minor changes to her display. Then she tested a hypothesis. She observed that adults with children seemed more distracted than those without children; that they did not seem to talk to her as much as the childless groups. She hypothesized that adults without children would spend more time, ask more questions, and talk more about butterflies than mixed-generation groups. She used the data she gathered during prototyping the display, analyzing who stopped by her table, how long they spent, and how engaged they were.
Surprisingly, she discovered that families with children actually spent a little more time on average than adults alone. She thought this may be true because adults who brought children to her display spent their time explaining things to them instead of talking to her. In other words, the adults were not distracted, but were directing attention on their children to help them also learn from the display.
Mely does not fully realize that she has stumbled upon a very significant principle of learning: that learning is social. Educational research has shown that interaction between family members has a positive influence on learning in museums and in other environments. I’m very proud of Melyssa’s accomplishment this summer, and I look forward to seeing her expand her research next summer—because we both learned something!
©2014 Chicago Botanic Garden and my.chicagobotanic.org
3 thoughts on “Learning about Learning at the Garden”
This is a nice post! It’s nice to see young people getting involved and learning real world applications. I found it interesting, because like anything else, museums and public exhibitions need to experiment to see what works with the public, just like any other for-profit enterprise. Sometimes we think something will work splendidly and lo and behold it ends up nothing of the sort. Using the scientific method to figure that out always seems to tell us things contrary to our biased, pre-filtered assumptions. Good work Mely and Kathy! Now, I am dying to know, which flowers will attract butterflies to my garden?
Since posting this story, I’ve receive a few questions about Mely’s project! She researched specific butterflies and their favorite flowers, but her display and presentation offered more general advice. She learned that butterflies are attracted to small, cone-shaped flowers that often are in a group (a butterfly can dip its proboscis in the small blossoms to drink). They are also attracted to a sweet fragrance as well as to bright colors, like reds, yellows, and purples. Finally, butterflies seek flowers that provide a landing platform for the butterfly to stand on while it feeds.
Coneflowers, milkweeds, asters, sunflowers, and lantana are some good examples of butterfly-attracting flowers. Mely displayed pictures and real cut flowers to illustrate her point. She also showed snapdragons, which are attractive to people, but not to butterflies, because they cannot reach the nectar inside the closed petals.
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