PHOTO: Close up of the the brilliant red leaves of a poison ivy plant

Recognizing Poison Ivy

Trees are not the only plants whose leaves change color and drop in the fall. Poison ivy is gorgeous this time of year!

PHOTO: Poison ivy with red leaves growing as a vine on a tree.

Yes, there is poison ivy growing at the Chicago Botanic Garden. It can be seen growing as a vine on the tree in this picture.

Contrary to popular opinion, it is not a “wicked plant”; it is part of the habitat. The chemical in poison ivy that causes us misery, urushiol, does not bother other animals. In fact, deer eat the leaves and many animals eat the small whitish berries that appear in late fall and winter.

Poison ivy leaves vary a little from plant to plant, but once you get to know the basic shape it is unmistakable. First notice the characteristic three leaflets that remind us “Don’t Touch Me!”

Now look at how the top leaflet is symmetrical and attached to the main stem by a short, thinner stem called a petiole. 

The lower leaflets have thumb-like lobes that point away from the top leaf. These leaves attach to the stem at their base.

Can you find the poison ivy in this picture?

PHOTO: Poison ivy leaves are bright red on the forest floor, which is covered in brown and gold leaves fallen from the trees.

If you identified the red leaves as poison ivy, then you are ready to hike a trail at the Garden this month and enjoy the color!

We make every effort to remove poison ivy from edges of trails so fear not! Stay on the paths, learn to recognize it, and you have nothing to worry about.  See if you can spot (but not touch!) some poison ivy along the way.

Published by

Kathy J.

Kathy J. has been learning and teaching kids about nature for more than 20 years. She collects bugs, watches squirrels, does not get a rash from poison ivy, practices “snacker” behavior in winter, and is always on alert for interesting plants and animals. When she’s not watching something in the trees or spending time with her teenage daughters, she’s overseeing programs for teachers and students at the Garden.

3 thoughts on “Recognizing Poison Ivy”

  1. There are so many plants with three leaflets, and lots that change color in the fall. I have devised a full-proof identification key that makes it easy and quick to identify poison oak and poison ivy.

    I took the guide from my book “The Poison Oak & Poison Ivy Survival Guide,” and put a free pdf download on the home page of my website

  2. It’s really interesting that poison ivy only bothers people. I’ve never heard that before. It seems strange to me that a plant would evolve to produce a poison that only attacks one other species, particularly one that isn’t very interested in eating it in the first place.

    1. Thanks for commenting! I agree with you, it is curious that poison ivy bothers humans but not other animals. I wonder, though, which came first – the plant’s irritating properties or our lack of interest in eating it. Perhaps our ancestors made tasty salads from those leaves before it could produce urushiol and over time they learned to avoid it. I doubt it actually happened that way, but we’ll never know.

      I also find it interesting that it does not affect every person the same way. Some people get a terrible rash and require steroids for treatment while others can touch it without any problem. It does not bother me, but experts say that repeated exposure increases sensitivity, so I avoid it like everyone else to preserve my tolerance.

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